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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2010 Mar 15;878(9-10):798-806. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.044. Epub 2010 Feb 4.

Using precipitation by polyamines as an alternative to chromatographic separation in antibody purification processes.

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  • 1Oceanside Process Research & Development, Genentech, Inc., One Antibody Way, Oceanside, CA 92056, United States.

Abstract

Polyamine precipitation conditions for removing host cell protein impurities from the cell culture fluid containing monoclonal antibody were studied. We examined the impact of polyamine concentration, size, structure, cell culture fluid pH and ionic strength. A 96-well microtiter plate based high throughput screening method was developed and used for evaluating different polyamines. Polyallylamine, polyvinylamine, branched polyethyleneimine and poly(dimethylamine-co-epichlorohydrin-ethylenediamine) were identified as efficient precipitants in removing host cell protein impurities. Leveraging from the screening results, we incorporated a polyamine precipitation step into a monoclonal antibody purification process to replace the Protein A chromatography step. The optimization of the overall purification process was performed by taking the mechanisms of both precipitation and chromatographic separation into account. The precipitation-containing process removed a similar amount of process-related impurities, including host cell proteins, DNA, insulin and gentamicin and maintained similar product quality in respect of size and charge variants to chromatography based purification. Overall recovery yield was comparable to the typical Protein A affinity chromatography based antibody purification process.

2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20181538
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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