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Clin Cancer Res. 2010 Mar 1;16(5):1486-97. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-1764. Epub 2010 Feb 23.

Lapatinib restores hormone sensitivity with differential effects on estrogen receptor signaling in cell models of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative breast cancer with acquired endocrine resistance.

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  • 1Royal Marsden Hospital, Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom. leary.alexandra@icr.ac.uk

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Acquired endocrine resistance in estrogen receptor (ER)alpha+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer has been associated with modest adaptive increases in HER2, although exactly how aberrant HER2 signaling affects the ERalpha pathway is poorly understood. We investigated (a) whether the epidermal growth factor receptor/HER2 inhibitor lapatinib could restore endocrine responsiveness in cell models of acquired endocrine resistance with modest increases in HER2, and (b) the nature of ERalpha-HER2 cross-talk in this process.

METHODS:

Combination growth studies, ERalpha transcription, immunoblot, and gene expression assays were conducted in two models of acquired resistance to (a) estrogen deprivation (long-term estrogen-deprived cells) and (b) tamoxifen (long-term tamoxifen-treated cells), and in hormone sensitive controls. Changes in ERalpha, PgR, and HER2 were assessed in samples from patients treated with tamoxifen.

RESULTS:

Both cell models of acquired endocrine resistance showed modest adaptive upregulation in HER2, and lapatinib restored endocrine sensitivity in both. The effect of lapatinib on ERalpha signaling varied markedly depending on the nature of the HER2/ERalpha cross-talk. In long-term estrogen-deprived cells characterized by enhanced ERalpha function, lapatinib suppressed ERalpha genomic activity (as measured by pERSer118, ERalpha transcriptional activity, and PGR gene expression). In contrast, in long-term tamoxifen-treated cells with reduced ERalpha activation, lapatinib reactivated ERalpha genomic function. Twenty percent of tamoxifen-resistant patients relapsed with modest increases in HER2 and either suppressed or enhanced ERalpha/PgR expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Aberrant GFR signaling can augment or suppress ERalpha function. Regardless, interrupting the HER2/ERalpha cross-talk with lapatinib can restore endocrine sensitivity and should be investigated as a therapeutic strategy in combination with endocrine therapy in ERalpha+/HER2- patients with acquired endocrine resistance.

PMID:
20179226
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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