Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ethn Dis. 2010 Winter;20(1):40-7.

Perceived racial discrimination in health care and its association with patients' healthcare experiences: does the measure matter?

Author information

  • 1Health Services Research & Development Service, Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, USA. leslie.hausmann@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Examine whether three measures of perceived racial discrimination in health care detect similar rates of discrimination and show similar associations with patients' healthcare experiences.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional observational study involving telephone surveys and medical record reviews.

SETTING:

Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System.

PARTICIPANTS:

50 White and 50 African American veterans with diabetes.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Three types of measures of perceived racial discrimination in health care were compared: single-item and multi-item measures assessing personal experiences of discrimination in healthcare settings, and a measure assessing general racism in the healthcare system. Associations of each measure with patient-reported problems with their medical care and receipt of recommended preventive screenings were also explored.

RESULTS:

More African American than White veterans reported perceived discrimination on all measures (personal discrimination, single-item: 42% vs 6%, P<.001; personal discrimination, multi-item: 42% vs 18%, P=.01; general racism: 74% vs 40%, P=.001). In the total sample, discrimination was more likely to be reported on the general racism measure than on the single-item (OR=36.53, 95% CI=7.95-167.89) or multi-item measures (OR=20.28, 95% CI=5.12-80.34) of personal discrimination. The multi-item measure of personal discrimination (OR=3.96, 95% CI=1.29-12.18) and general racism measure (OR=3.61, 95% CI=1.34-9.71) were significantly associated with patient-reported problems with their care. Receipt of recommended screenings was not associated with any of the discrimination measures.

CONCLUSIONS:

Different measures of perceived racial discrimination in healthcare settings yield different rates of discrimination and show variable associations with patients' perceptions of care.

PMID:
20178181
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk