Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2010 Apr 30;285(18):13561-8. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.075945. Epub 2010 Feb 20.

Myristoylated Naked2 antagonizes Wnt-beta-catenin activity by degrading Dishevelled-1 at the plasma membrane.

Author information

  • 1Cancer Research Center, Xiamen University Medical College, Xiamen, 361005 Fujian, China.

Abstract

In Drosophila, naked cuticle is an inducible antagonist of the Wnt-beta-catenin pathway, likely acting at the level of Dishevelled (Dsh/Dvl), an essential component of this pathway. The mechanism by which naked cuticle and its two vertebrate orthologs, Naked1 (NKD1) and Naked2 (NKD2), inhibit Dvl function is unknown. NKD2 is myristoylated, a co-translational modification that leads to its plasma membrane localization. In contrast, myristoylation-deficient G2A NKD2 is cytoplasmic. Herein we show that the ability of Nkd2/NKD2 to antagonize Wnt-beta-catenin activity during zebrafish embryonic development and in mammalian HEK293 cells is myristoylation-dependent. NKD2 and Dvl-1 interact and co-localize at the lateral membrane of polarized epithelial cells. In reciprocal overexpression and siRNA knockdown experiments, NKD2 and Dvl-1 destabilize each other via enhanced polyubiquitylation; this effect is also dependent upon Naked2 myristoylation. Cell fractionation and ubiquitylation assays indicate that endogenous NKD2 interacts with a slower migrating, ubiquitylated form of Dvl-1 in plasma membrane fractions. These results provide a mechanism by which NKD2 antagonizes Wnt signaling: myristoylated NKD2 interacts with Dvl-1 at the plasma membrane, and this interaction leads to their mutual ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation.

PMID:
20177058
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2859517
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk