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Opt Express. 2010 Feb 1;18(3):1959-65. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.001959.

Localized surface plasmons, surface plasmon polaritons, and their coupling in 2D metallic array for SERS.

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  • 1Institute of Optoelectronic Materials and Technology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China.


A substrate with ease for fabrication is proposed for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). A two-dimensional dielectric grating covered by a thin silver film enables the excitation of both localized surface plasmons (LSPs) and surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). The finite-difference time-domain simulation results show that the coupling between LSPs and SPPs is able to highly improve the Raman enhancement (2 x 10(9) as obtained by simulation). In addition, the near-field distribution at the top of cubic bumps along the transverse plane presents a highly regular hotspots pattern, which is required for an ideal SERS substrate.

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