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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2010 May;9(5):880-93. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M900528-MCP200. Epub 2010 Feb 20.

Inflammatory stimuli regulate caspase substrate profiles.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, California 94158, USA.

Abstract

The inflammatory caspases, human caspases-1, -4, and -5, proteolytically modulate diverse physiological outcomes in response to proinflammatory signals. Surprisingly, only a few substrates are known for these enzymes, including other caspases and the interleukin-1 family of cytokines. To more comprehensively characterize inflammatory caspase substrates, we combined an enzymatic N-terminal enrichment method with mass spectrometry-based proteomics to identify newly cleaved proteins. Analysis of THP-1 monocytic cell lysates treated with recombinant purified caspases identified 82 putative caspase-1 substrates, three putative caspase-4 substrates, and no substrates for caspase-5. By contrast, inflammatory caspases activated in THP-1 cells by mimics of gout (monosodium urate), bacterial infection (lipopolysaccharide and ATP), or viral infection (poly(dA.dT)) were found to cleave only 27, 16, and 22 substrates, respectively. Quantitative stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) comparison of these three inflammatory stimuli showed that they induced largely overlapping substrate profiles but different extents of proteolysis. Interestingly, only half of the cleavages found in response to proinflammatory stimuli were contained within our set of 82 in vitro cleavage sites. These data provide the most comprehensive set of caspase-1-cleaved products reported to date and indicate that caspases-4 and -5 have far fewer substrates. Comparisons between the in vitro and in vivo data highlight the importance of localization in regulating inflammatory caspase activity. Finally, our data suggest that inducers of inflammation may subtly alter caspase-1 substrate profiles.

PMID:
20173201
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2871421
Free PMC Article

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