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Thromb Res. 2010 Jul;126(1):e51-6. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2010.01.007. Epub 2010 Feb 21.

Bosentan for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: findings from a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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  • 1Internal and Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.



After acute pulmonary embolism, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is diagnosed in about 1% of patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at assessing the effects of bosentan therapy in patients with CTEPH.


We searched in MEDLINE and Embase using the terms 'pulmonary hypertension' AND 'bosentan'. Papers were included in this review if they reported on patients with objectively confirmed CTEPH treated with bosentan. Efficacy measures were the improvement in NYHA class, in 6 minute walking distance (6 mwd) and in hemodynamics (cardiac index, pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance). Mortality and safety were also assessed.


Overall, 543 papers were found. Eight single-arm cohort studies (175 patients), one randomized double-blind study, one case-control study and one case report were included in the analysis. A 35.9 meters weighted mean increase in 6 minute walking distance was observed after 3-6 months of treatment (9 studies, 208 patients) (95% CI 33.6 to 38.2; p<0.001) and an additional increase of 21 meters after one year (4 studies, 80 patients). About 25% of patients had an improvement on functional NYHA class at 3-6 months. Data on hemodynamics were available in seven studies, 185 patients. The mean weighted increase in cardiac index at 3-6 months was 0.23 l/min/m2 (95% CI 0.22 to 0.25); the mean weighted decrease in pulmonary artery pressure at 3-6 months was 2.62 mmHg (95% CI 2.44 to 2.80). Three patient died within 3-6 months (1.4%) and 3 additional patients died within one year.


Bosentan therapy is associated with an improvement of hemodynamics and probably exercise capacity in patients with CTEPH. Controlled data on mortality and time to clinical worsening in patients with CTEPH are needed.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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