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Fertil Steril. 2010 Nov;94(6):2083-7. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2009.12.058. Epub 2010 Feb 19.

Vaginal progesterone gel for luteal phase support in IVF/ICSI cycles: a meta-analysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Larissa, University of Thessalia, Larissa, Greece. n.polyzos@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether vaginal progesterone gel may result in similar or higher pregnancy rates compared with all other vaginal progesterone forms when used for luteal-phase support.

DESIGN:

Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).

PATIENT(S):

Infertile women undergoing IVF or ICSI.

INTERVENTION(S):

Vaginal progesterone gel 90 mg once or twice daily versus any other vaginal progesterone form for luteal phase support.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Clinical pregnancy rates.

RESULT(S):

Seven randomized controlled trials, involving 2,447 patients, were included in the analysis. No difference was observed in the overall clinical pregnancy rate when comparing vaginal progesterone gel with any other vaginal progesterone form. Moreover, clinical pregnancy rates were similar in protocols using only GnRH agonists and when comparing vaginal gel with the traditional treatment of 200 mg×3 vaginal progesterone capsules.

CONCLUSION(S):

This meta-analysis provides solid evidence that no significant difference exists between vaginal gel and all other vaginal progesterone forms in terms of clinical pregnancy rates.

Copyright © 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20171629
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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