Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2010 Mar 2;121(8):1005-13. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.864488. Epub 2010 Feb 16.

Analysis of the impact of early surgery on in-hospital mortality of native valve endocarditis: use of propensity score and instrumental variable methods to adjust for treatment-selection bias.

Author information

  • 1Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Bldg 3, 1st Floor, 620 John Paul Jones Cir, Portsmouth, VA 23708, USA.



The impact of early surgery on mortality in patients with native valve endocarditis (NVE) is unresolved. This study sought to evaluate valve surgery compared with medical therapy for NVE and to identify characteristics of patients who are most likely to benefit from early surgery.


Using a prospective, multinational cohort of patients with definite NVE, the effect of early surgery on in-hospital mortality was assessed by propensity-based matching adjustment for survivor bias and by instrumental variable analysis. Patients were stratified by propensity quintile, paravalvular complications, valve perforation, systemic embolization, stroke, Staphylococcus aureus infection, and congestive heart failure. Of the 1552 patients with NVE, 720 (46%) underwent early surgery and 832 (54%) were treated with medical therapy. Compared with medical therapy, early surgery was associated with a significant reduction in mortality in the overall cohort (12.1% [87/720] versus 20.7% [172/832]) and after propensity-based matching and adjustment for survivor bias (absolute risk reduction [ARR] -5.9%, P<0.001). With a combined instrument, the instrumental-variable-adjusted ARR in mortality associated with early surgery was -11.2% (P<0.001). In subgroup analysis, surgery was found to confer a survival benefit compared with medical therapy among patients with a higher propensity for surgery (ARR -10.9% for quintiles 4 and 5, P=0.002) and those with paravalvular complications (ARR -17.3%, P<0.001), systemic embolization (ARR -12.9%, P=0.002), S aureus NVE (ARR -20.1%, P<0.001), and stroke (ARR -13%, P=0.02) but not those with valve perforation or congestive heart failure.


Early surgery for NVE is associated with an in-hospital mortality benefit compared with medical therapy alone.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk