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Am J Clin Pathol. 2010 Mar;133(3):395-406. doi: 10.1309/AJCPXSVCDZ3D5MZM.

Conjunctive p16INK4a testing significantly increases accuracy in diagnosing high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

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  • 1Laboratoire Cerba, Cergy Pontoise, France.

Abstract

The histopathologic interpretation of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is subject to a high level of interobserver variability and a substantial number of false-positive and false-negative results. We assessed the impact of the conjunctive interpretation of p16(INK4a)-immunostained slides on the accuracy of community-based pathologists in diagnosing high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN; CIN 2 and CIN 3) in biopsy specimens. Twelve pathologists rendered independent diagnoses on a set of 500 H&E-stained cervical punch and conization specimens. Results were compared with a dichotomized "gold standard" established by consensus of 3 gynecopathology experts. When p16(INK4a)-immunostained slides were added and conjunctively interpreted with the H&E-stained slides, a significant increase in diagnostic accuracy for the detection of high-grade CIN was observed (P = .0004). Sensitivity for high-grade CIN was increased by 13%, cutting the rate of false-negative results in half. Agreement of community-based pathologists in diagnosing high-grade CIN was significantly improved (mean kappa values advanced from 0.566 to 0.749; P < .0001). Reproducibility of p16(INK4a) stain interpretation was excellent (kappa = 0.899). Our results show that conjunctive interpretation of p16(INK4a)-stained slides could significantly improve the routine interpretation of cervical histopathology.

PMID:
20154278
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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