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Sex Health. 2010 Mar;7(1):25-30. doi: 10.1071/SH08075.

Intimate partner violence and other partner-related factors: correlates of sexually transmissible infections and risky sexual behaviours among young adult African American women.

Author information

  • 1Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. pseth@cdc.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intimate partner violence and other partner-related factors have been associated with acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and engaging in risky sexual behaviour. The present study examined partner-related risk factors for STIs and risky sexual behaviours among an urban sample of African American women.

METHODS:

African American women, between 18 and 29 years (n = 848), participated in the study at baseline. Participants completed a 40-min Audio Computer Assisted Survey Interview assessing sociodemographics, partner-related factors and HIV/STI-associated sexual risk behaviours. Subsequently, participants provided two vaginal swab specimens for STIs.

RESULTS:

The findings indicated that risky sexual behaviours and STIs were prevalent in this sample: 35.6% reported a risky sexual partner, 65.4% reported inconsistent condom use and 17% tested positive for a laboratory-confirmed STI. Women reporting a history of intimate partner violence were more likely to report risky sexual partners (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.00; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.5-2.8), inconsistent condom use (AOR = 1.60; 95% CI = 1.1-2.3) and test positive for an STI (AOR = 1.46; 95% CI = 0.99-2.1). Women reporting high partner-related barriers to condom use were more likely to report risky sexual partners (AOR = 1.69; 95% CI = 1.2-2.3), inconsistent condom use (AOR = 2.13; 95% CI = 1.5-3.0) and test positive for an STI (AOR = 1.98; 95% CI = 1.3-3.0). Finally, women with older partners were more likely to report risky sexual partners (AOR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.1-2.1) and test positive for an STI (AOR = 1.46; 95% CI = 1.0-2.2).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study examines partner-related risk factors for STIs and risky sexual behaviours among African American women. These findings underscore the need for combined intimate partner violence and HIV/STI prevention programs for this disproportionately affected high-risk group.

PMID:
20152092
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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