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Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2009 Jan;12(1):35-9. doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.48850.

Urodynamic profile in myelopathies: A follow-up study.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatric and Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India.

Abstract

AIMS:

To study the significance of filling cystometry in assessment and management of neurogenic bladder in myelopathies and correlate neurological recovery and bladder management in the follow up.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective analysis of reports of filling cystometry in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic myelopathy.

SETTING:

Neuro-rehabilitation unit of a tertiary care university hospital.

METHODS:

The study was carried out between September 2005 and June 2006 and included all subjects with myelopathy who underwent filling cystometry. ASIA impairment scale was used to assess neurological status during admission as well as in the follow up. Bladder management was advised based on the cystometric findings. Neurological recovery and mode of bladder management were correlated during the follow up after a minimum of 6 months.

RESULTS:

Fifty-two subjects (38 males, 14 females), mean age 33.26 +/- 14.66 years (10-80) underwent filling cystometry. Twenty patients had cervical, 24 had thoracic and 8 had lumbar myelopathy. Cystometric findings were overactive detrusor observed in 43 patients, (21 had detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (DSD), 22 without DSD) and areflexic/underactive detrusor in 9. Post-void residual (>15% of voided urine) was significant in 27 patients. Twenty-three patients (44%) reported for follow up (16 males, 7 females) after a mean duration of 9.04 +/- 2.44 months (6-15 months). Neurological recovery was seen in 61% cases, while 1 patient showed deterioration. Only 26% patients reported change in bladder management during follow up. Correlation between neurological recovery and bladder management was found to be insignificant (P > 0.05) using spearman correlation co-efficient.

CONCLUSIONS:

Filling cystometry is valuable for assessment and management of neurogenic bladder after myelopathy. No significant relationship was observed between neurological recovery and neurogenic bladder management in the follow up in the present study.

KEYWORDS:

Filling cystometry; myelopathy; neurogenic bladder

PMID:
20151007
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2811976
Free PMC Article
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