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Audiol Neurootol. 2010;15(5):291-302. doi: 10.1159/000283006. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

Round window membrane implantation with an active middle ear implant: a study of the effects on the performance of round window exposure and transducer tip diameter in human cadaveric temporal bones.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Colorado Medical School, Aurora, Colo., USA. stephane.tringali@chu-lyon.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the importance of 2 variables, transducer tip diameter and resection of the round window (RW) niche, affecting the optimization of the mechanical stimulation of the RW membrane with an active middle ear implant (AMEI).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Ten temporal bones were prepared with combined atticotomy and facial recess approach to expose the RW. An AMEI stimulated the RW with 2 ball tip diameters (0.5 and 1.0 mm) before and after the resection of the bony rim of the RW niche. The RW drive performance, assessed by stapes velocities using laser Doppler velocimetry, was analyzed in 3 frequency ranges: low (0.25-1 kHz), medium (1-3 kHz) and high (3-8 kHz).

RESULTS:

Driving the RW produced mean peak stapes velocities (H(EV)) of 0.305 and 0.255 mm/s/V at 3.03 kHz, respectively, for the 1- and 0.5-mm tips, with the RW niche intact. Niche drilling increased the H(EV) to 0.73 and 0.832 mm/s/V for the 1- and 0.5-mm tips, respectively. The tip diameter produced no difference in output at low and medium frequencies; however, the 0.5-mm tip was 5 and 6 dB better than the 1-mm tip at high frequencies before and after niche drilling, respectively. Drilling the niche significantly improved the output by 4 dB at high frequencies for the 1-mm tip, and by 6 and 10 dB in the medium- and high-frequency ranges for the 0.5-mm tip.

CONCLUSION:

The AMEI was able to successfully drive the RW membrane in cadaveric temporal bones using a classical facial recess approach. Stimulation of the RW membrane with an AMEI without drilling the niche is sufficient for successful hearing outputs. However, the resection of the bony rim of the RW niche significantly improved the RW stimulation at medium and higher frequencies. Drilling the niche enhances the exposure of the RW membrane and facilitates positioning the implant tip.

Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
20150727
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3202919
Free PMC Article

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