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Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jun;21(6):362-8. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2010.01.008. Epub 2010 Feb 9.

Impact of prolactin receptor isoforms on reproduction.

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  • 1Inserm, U845, 75015 Paris, France. nadine.binart@inserm.fr

Abstract

Prolactin is a hormone involved in growth, development, reproduction, metabolism, water and electrolyte balance, brain and behavior, and immunoregulation. Its actions on reproductive processes represent the largest group of functions identified for this hormone. Besides the classic long form of the prolactin receptor, many short form receptors have been identified in rodents and human tissues. Mouse mutagenesis studies have offered insight into the biology of the prolactin family, providing compelling evidence that different isoforms have independent biological activity. The possibility that short forms mediate cell proliferation is important for a variety of tissues including mammary glands and ovarian follicles. This review summarizes the current knowledge about prolactin signaling and its role in reproduction through either long or short isoform receptors.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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