Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Neurochem. 1991 May;56(5):1630-8.

Degradation of microtubule-associated protein 2 and brain spectrin by calpain: a comparative study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Alabama, Birmingham.

Abstract

The in vitro degradation of microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) and spectrin by the calcium-dependent neutral protease calpain was studied. Five major results are reported. First, MAP-2 isolated from twice-cycled microtubules (2 X MT MAP-2) was extremely sensitive to calpain-induced hydrolysis. Even at an enzyme-to-substrate ratio (wt/wt) of 1:200, 2 X MT MAP-2 was significantly degraded by calpain. Second, MAP-2 purified from the total brain heat-stable fraction (total MAP-2) was significantly more resistant to calpain-induced hydrolysis compared with 2 X MT MAP-2. Third, MAP-2a and MAP-2b were proteolyzed similarly by calpain, although some relative resistance of MAP-2b was observed. Fourth, the presence of calmodulin significantly increased the extent of calpain-induced hydrolysis of the alpha-subunit of spectrin. Fifth, the two neuronal isoforms of brain spectrin (240/235 and 240/235E, referred to as alpha/beta N and alpha/beta E, respectively) showed different sensitivities to calpain. alpha N-spectrin was significantly more sensitive to calpain-induced degradation compared to alpha E-spectrin. Among other things, these results suggest a role for the calpain-induced degradation of MAP-2, as well as spectrin, in such physiological processes as alterations in synaptic efficacy, dendritic remodeling, and in pathological processes associated with neurodegeneration.

PMID:
2013758
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk