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Surgery. 2010 Jul;148(1):110-8. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2009.12.006. Epub 2010 Feb 4.

Postischemic poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition reduces ischemia reperfusion injury in a hind-limb ischemia model.

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  • 1Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.



Several experiments were designed to determine whether the systemic, postischemic administration of PJ34,which is a poly-adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase inhibitor, decreased tissue injury and inflammation after hind-limb ischemia reperfusion (I/R).


C57BL6 mouse limbs were subjected to 1.5 h ischemia followed by 24-h reperfusion. The treatment group (PJ) received intraperitoneal PJ34 (30 mg/kg) immediately before reperfusion, as well as 15 min and 2 h into reperfusion. The control group (CG) received lactated Ringer's alone at the same time intervals as PJ34 administration. The skeletal muscle levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2), keratinocyte derived chemokine (KC), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were measured. Quantitative measurement of skeletal muscle tissue injury was assessed by microscopic analysis of fiber injury.


ATP levels were higher in limbs of PJ versus CG mice (absolute ATP: 4.7 +/- 0.35 vs 2.3 +/- 0.15-ng/mg tissue, P = .002). The levels of MIP-2, KC, and MPO were lower in PJ versus CG mice (MIP-2: 1.4 +/- 0.34 vs 3.67 +/- 0.67-pg/mg protein, P = .014; KC: 4.97 +/- 0.97 vs 12.65 +/- 3.05-pg/mg protein, P = .037; MPO: 46.27 +/- 10.53 vs 107.34 +/- 13.58-ng/mg protein, P = .008). Muscle fiber injury was markedly reduced in PJ versus CG mice (4.25 +/- 1.9% vs 22.68 +/- 3.0% total fibers, P = .0004).


Systemic postischemic administration of PJ34 preserved skeletal muscle energy levels, decreased inflammatory markers, and preserved tissue viability post-I/R. These results support PARP inhibition as a viable treatment for skeletal muscle I/R in a clinically relevant post hoc scenario.

Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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