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[Plasma endothelin level in hypertensive patients receiving standard anti-hypertensive therapy with or without statins].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiology, Shanxi Province People's Hospital, Taiyuan 030012, China. docliuxh@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the association between plasma endothelin (ET) concentration and blood pressure level in essential hypertensive (EH) patients with or without complications and possible impact of statins on ET concentration.

METHODS:

From Sep 2007 to Mar 2009, 149 patients with EH were analyzed [44 EH, 40 EH complicated by left ventricular hypertrophy (EH-LVH), 36 EH complicated by atrial fibrillation (EH-AF), and 29 EH complicated by lacunar infarction (EH-LI)], 30 healthy persons were selected as controls. EH patients were randomly divided into routine treatment group (calcium antagonists, ACEI, diuretics, beta-receptor blocker for 8 weeks) and simvastatin intervention group (routine treatment + simvastatin 40 mg/d for 8 weeks), plasma ET concentrations before and after drug intervention were measured.

RESULTS:

(1) ET concentration was higher in EH group than that in control group [(71.42 +/- 6.62) pg/ml vs. (45.52 +/- 8.28) pg/ml, P < 0.01]. ET concentration was higher in EH-LVH group, EH-AF group and EH-LI group than that in EH group [(97.67 +/- 10.53) pg/ml, (102.15 +/- 12.96) pg/ml, (103.49 +/- 9.91) pg/ml vs. (71.42 +/- 6.62) pg/ml, P <0.01]. The degrees of elevated blood pressure was positively correlated with ET concentrations(all P < 0.001). (2) The left atrial diameters of EH-AF group were positively correlated with ET concentration (r = 0.684, P < 0.001). The left ventricular mass index of EH-LVH group were positively correlated with ET concentration (r = 0.545, P < 0.001). (3) The percentages of class 3 hypertension in EH-LVH group, EH-AF group and EH-LI group were higher than that in EH group (57.5%, 50.0%, 62.1% vs. 25.0%, all P < 0.05). (4) Blood pressure in class 3 hypertension patient treated with simvastatin decreased more significantly than that in routine treatment group (P < 0.05). (5) ET concentration of class 2 hypertension patient treated with simvastatin decreased significantly than that in routine treatment group (P < 0.05). ET concentrations of class 3 hypertension patient treated with simvastatin and routine treatment patient decreased significantly after treatment (P < 0.05), and the former was lower (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The level of ET were positively correlated with the severity of EH. Simvastatin could decrease the ET levels of patients with EH and blood pressure levels of patients with class 3 hypertension. It suggested that therapeutic alliance of antihypertensive drugs and statins could be benefit to patients with EH.

PMID:
20128377
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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