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Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Dec;41(6):177-80.

Efficacy, safety and tolerability of sublingual monomeric allergoid in tablets given without up-dosing to pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma due to grass pollen.

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  • 1Pediatric Division, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo.

Abstract

The efficacy and safety of monomeric allergoid (Lofarma, Milan) have been demonstrated in adults but very few studies have examined it in children. This study therefore investigated the efficacy and safety of this sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) at the dosage of 1000 AU five times a week without any up-dosing. Forty allergic children (17 M and 23 F, mean age 7 years, range 4-16 years), 16 with rhinitis and 24 with rhinitis and asthma, were randomized to SLIT or drug therapy. All the patients were sensitized to grass; some were also sensitized, though to a lesser extent, to Parietaria, Olea and Betulaceae. The patients were treated pre-/co-seasonally for two years. A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used at baseline and at the end of the first and second pollen seasons to rate the patients' well-being. The VAS score was significantly higher after both the first and the second year of treatment in the SLIT group than in the controls (p<0.05). It improved in comparison to baseline only in the active group. All 40 children tolerated the therapy very well. The monomeric allergoid at the dosage of 5000 AU/week thus appears to have a good efficacy and safety profile in children.

PMID:
20128231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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