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J Relig Health. 2010 Dec;49(4):414-44. doi: 10.1007/s10943-010-9324-0.

Measurement of religiosity/spirituality in adolescent health outcomes research: trends and recommendations.

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  • 1Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, P.O. Box 670840, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0840, USA.


The relationship between religious/spiritual (R/S) factors and adolescent health outcomes has been studied for decades; however, the R/S measurement tools used may not be developmentally relevant for adolescents. A systematic literature review was conducted to review and evaluate trends in measuring R/S in adolescent health outcomes research. In this review a total of 100 articles met criteria for inclusion. Relatively few (n = 15) included adolescent-specific R/S measures or items accounting for developmentally relevant issues such as parental religiosity or age-appropriate language. Future R/S and health research with adolescents would be strengthened by incorporating developmentally relevant R/S measurement tools, psychometrics, and multidimensional measures.

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