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Appl Opt. 1973 Jan 1;12(1):72-9. doi: 10.1364/AO.12.000072.

New thermooptical measurement method and a comparison with other methods.


A simple and sensitive method of measuring the thermally induced index changes arising from absorption of a laser beam in a low-loss material is described. The sample is placed outside the laser cavity, but at the position of minimum radius of curvature of the wavefront, which is a confocal distance behind the waist. It is estimated that the method is sensitive enough to measure absorption coefficients of the order of 5 x 10(_6) cm(_1) and it is shown experimentally to have good accuracy on low-loss materials. A detailed comparison of sensitivity and accuracy estimates is given for the various published thermal-lens methods for measuring low absorption coefficients.Although the method is illustrated for the thermal effect, it is applicable to other nonlinear index changes induced by laser beams.

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