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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2010 Mar 12;365(1541):765-73. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0240.

Peroxisome diversity and evolution.

Author information

  • Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), Dr Aiguader, 88 08003 Barcelona, Spain. tgabaldon@crg.es

Abstract

Peroxisomes are organelles bounded by a single membrane that can be found in all major groups of eukaryotes. A single evolutionary origin of this cellular compartment is supported by the presence, in diverse organisms, of a common set of proteins implicated in peroxisome biogenesis and maintenance. Their enzymatic content, however, can vary substantially across species, indicating a high level of evolutionary plasticity. Proteomic analyses have greatly expanded our knowledge on peroxisomes in some model organisms, including plants, mammals and yeasts. However, we still have a limited knowledge about the distribution and functionalities of peroxisomes in the vast majority of groups of microbial eukaryotes. Here, I review recent advances in our understanding of peroxisome diversity and evolution, with a special emphasis on peroxisomes in microbial eukaryotes.

PMID:
20124343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2817229
Free PMC Article

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