Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Liver Dis. 2010 Feb;14(1):1-21, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.cld.2009.11.009.

Epidemiology of hepatitis B and C viruses: a global overview.

Author information

  • 1Liver Transplantation, Center for Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 7120, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. hte@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Abstract

This article reviews the prevalence, disease burden, genotype distribution, and transmission patterns of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus in the 6 World Health Organization regions. The global epidemiology of hepatitis B and C demonstrates a predominantly declining prevalence of the diseases. Improvement in the control of hepatitis B has been largely achieved with implementation of a more universal HBV vaccine program, although a large gap still remains in the effort toward global prevention of hepatitis B. The transmission of hepatitis C has been greatly impacted by mandatory screening of blood donors in most countries in the world, although intravenous drug use continues to be a major source of infection. Public education regarding the risks of exposure to infected paraphernalia as well as household items such as razors is necessary in the continuing effort to curb this disease.

(c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20123436
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk