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J Clin Neurosci. 2010 Apr;17(4):436-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2009.07.103. Epub 2010 Jan 27.

MMP-9 levels in elderly patients with cognitive dysfunction after carotid surgery.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University, 620 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA.


Approximately 25% of elderly patients scheduled for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) develop post-operative cognitive dysfunction (CD). We tested the hypothesis that the plasma levels of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) are predictive of moderate to severe CD after CEA. A total of 73 patients were prospectively enrolled in this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Plasma samples were obtained at baseline and day 1 post-surgery. We measured the plasma concentrations of both MMP-9 and its inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1). We estimated the MMP-9 activity by calculating the MMP-9:TIMP-1 ratio. The cognitive performance day 1 post-surgery was quantified with z-scores, using a control group who were undergoing spinal surgery. The criteria used to define CD was performance of >or=1.5 standard deviations worse than the control group; approximately 19% of eligible patients developed CD. Compared to patients without CD, this group had both higher total (81.66+/-12.25 ng/mL versus [vs.] 43.18+/-4.44 ng/mL, p=0.005) and activity (0.88+/-0.24 ng/mL vs. 0.54+/-0.06 ng/mL, p=0.003) MMP-9 levels at baseline. All of the results were adjusted for age, diabetes and neurovascular symptoms.

(c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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