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Am J Kidney Dis. 2010 Jun;55(6):1018-25. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2009.10.057. Epub 2010 Jan 25.

Incidence and outcomes of contrast-induced nephropathy after computed tomography in patients with CKD: a quality improvement report.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although there has been considerable investigation of the general characteristics of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), it has not been studied adequately in a computed tomography (CT) population. We assessed the incidence and outcomes of CIN after contrast-enhanced CT in patients with chronic kidney disease pretreated with saline and N-acetylcysteine (NAC).

DESIGN:

Quality improvement report.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS:

520 patients registered in a CIN prevention program.

QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PLAN:

We initiated the CIN prevention program in January 2007. In this program, patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing contrast-enhanced CT in an outpatient setting were automatically referred to nephrologists, and patients received saline and NAC before and after CT. The development of CIN was assessed 48-96 hours after CT.

OUTCOMES:

Incidence of CIN and time to renal replacement therapy.

MEASUREMENTS:

Baseline serum creatinine, hemoglobin, and serum albumin levels; type and volume of contrast agents; and post-CT serum creatinine level.

RESULTS:

Overall, CIN occurred in 13 (2.5%) patients. Incidences of CIN were 0.0%, 2.9%, and 12.1% in patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 45-59, 30-44, and <30 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively. The risk of CIN was increased in patients with severely decreased kidney function and diabetes. The development of CIN consequently increased the risk of renal replacement therapy (P < 0.001 by log-rank), and the risk was significantly accentuated in patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m(2).

LIMITATIONS:

A single-center study and comparison with previous studies.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidence of CIN was relatively low in patients treated with saline and NAC. The development of CIN predisposed to poor kidney survival in the long term.

Copyright 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20097462
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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