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J Neurosci Methods. 2010 Mar 30;187(2):207-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.01.012. Epub 2010 Jan 21.

The dolognawmeter: a novel instrument and assay to quantify nociception in rodent models of orofacial pain.

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  • 1Department of Orofacial Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Abstract

Rodent pain models play an important role in understanding the mechanisms of nociception and have accelerated the search for new treatment approaches for pain. Creating an objective metric for orofacial nociception in these models presents significant technical obstacles. No animal assay accurately measures pain-induced orofacial dysfunction that is directly comparable to human orofacial dysfunction. We developed and validated a high throughput, objective, operant, nociceptive animal assay, and an instrument to perform the assay termed the dolognawmeter, for evaluation of conditions known to elicit orofacial pain in humans. Using the device our assay quantifies gnawing function in the mouse. We quantified a behavioral index of nociception and demonstrated blockade of nociception in three models of orofacial pain: (1) TMJ inflammation, (2) masticatory myositis, and (3) head and neck cancer. This assay will be useful in the study of nociceptive mediators involved in the development and progression of orofacial pain conditions and it will also provide a unique tool for development and assessment of new therapeutic approaches.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20096303
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2832714
Free PMC Article
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