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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2010 Apr;67(8):1353-69. doi: 10.1007/s00018-010-0257-2. Epub 2010 Jan 21.

Cell-specific and lamin-dependent targeting of novel transmembrane proteins in the nuclear envelope.

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  • 1Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Abstract

Nuclear envelope complexity is expanding with respect to identification of protein components. Here we test the validity of proteomics results that identified 67 novel predicted nuclear envelope transmembrane proteins (NETs) from liver by directly comparing 30 as tagged fusions using targeting assays. This confirmed 21 as NETs, but 4 only targeted in certain cell types, underscoring the complexity of interactions that tether NETs to the nuclear envelope. Four NETs accumulated at the nuclear rim in normal fibroblasts but not in fibroblasts lacking lamin A, suggesting involvement of lamin A in tethering them in the nucleus. However, intriguingly, for the NETs tested alternative mechanisms for nuclear envelope retention could be found in Jurkat cells that normally lack lamin A. This study expands by a factor of three the number of liver NETs analyzed, bringing the total confirmed to 31, and shows that several have multiple mechanisms for nuclear envelope retention.

PMID:
20091084
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2839517
Free PMC Article

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