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Acta Biomater. 2010 Jul;6(7):2386-93. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.01.011. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

Modulation of osteogenic properties of biodegradable polymer/extracellular matrix scaffolds generated with a flow perfusion bioreactor.

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  • 1Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251, USA.

Abstract

In this study, composite scaffolds consisting of both synthetic and natural components with controllable properties were generated by incorporating mineralized extracellular matrix (ECM) and electrospun poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) microfiber scaffolds. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were cultured on PCL scaffolds under flow perfusion conditions with culture medium supplemented with dexamethasone to investigate the effect of culture duration on mineralized extracellular matrix deposition. MSCs differentiated down the osteogenic lineage and produced extracellular matrix with different compositions of mineral, collagen, and glycosaminoglycan with distinct morphologies at various stages of osteogenesis. To determine whether the presence and maturity of mineralized extracellular matrix influences osteogenic differentiation in vitro, PCL/ECM constructs were decellularized to yield PCL/ECM composite scaffolds that were subsequently seeded with MSCs and cultured in the absence of dexamethasone. The presence of mineralized matrix reduced cellular proliferation while stimulating alkaline phosphatase activity with increasing amounts of calcium deposition over time. PCL/ECM composite scaffolds containing the most mature mineralized matrix resulted in the most rapid increase and highest levels of alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium deposition compared to all other scaffold groups. Therefore, we demonstrate that mineralized extracellular matrix generated under controlled flow perfusion conditions can impart osteogenic properties to an osteoconductive polymer scaffold, and that the maturity of this matrix influences osteogenic differentiation in vitro, even in the absence of dexamethasone.

Copyright 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20080214
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2874124
Free PMC Article

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