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Rev Neurol (Paris). 2010 Feb;166(2):149-57. doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2009.10.014. Epub 2010 Jan 15.

[Developmental and locomotor disorders in children].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1UMR 6149, CNRS, centre Saint-Charles, groupe DPA, pĂ´le 3C, universitĂ© de Provence, Case B, 3, place Victor-Hugo, 13331 Marseille cedex 03, France.


From one year of age, gait and balance disorders are frequent complaints in neurology. During the first year following the acquisition of independent walking, most of the gait, such as transition from digitigrade to plantigrade locomotion, parameters are well-established in children. Nevertheless, bipedal locomotion means solving a large number of balance problems. Locomotor balance needs many years to mature in the course of ontogenesis. From various gait analysis, it was possible to establish a repertoire of locomotor strategies used in typical and pathological development. The last part of this paper is devoted to the possible responses that can be proposed for gait and balance disorders occurring during childhood.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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