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Hypertens Res. 2010 Mar;33(3):209-13. doi: 10.1038/hr.2009.212. Epub 2010 Jan 15.

Candesartan effect on inflammation in hypertension.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, Pavia, Italy.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of candesartan on inflammatory biomarkers in hypertensive patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus after a standardized oral fat load (OFL). A total of 219 patients were enrolled: 106 patients were assigned to the non-diabetic hypertensive (NH) group, and 113 to the diabetic hypertensive (DH) group. All patients received candesartan therapy for 6 months and underwent a standardized OFL at baseline and after 6 months of therapy. We evaluated systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), blood glucose (BG), triglycerides (Tg), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high-sensitivity C reactive protein (Hs-CRP). At baseline, glycated hemoglobin, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index, BG, fasting plasma insulin, Tg, sICAM-1, IL-6 and Hs-CRP in the DH group were significantly higher, whereas high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol value was significantly lower compared to NH group. After 6 months of candesartan therapy, sICAM-1, IL-6 and Hs-CRP were significantly lower compared to baseline in both groups; furthermore, there was a significant decrease of SBP and DBP values in both groups. After the OFL administered at baseline, there was an increase of Tg, sICAM-1, IL-6 and Hs-CRP in both groups. After the OFL administered after 6 months of therapy, instead, there was no significant variation of BG, Tg or sICAM-1 value in both groups, whereas there was an increase of IL-6 and Hs-CRP compared to time 0. We observed that candesartan treatment attenuated the inflammatory answer in both groups of patients, even if more efficiently in nondiabetic ones.

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