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J Natl Med Assoc. 2009 Dec;101(12):1214-20.

Self-reported HIV antibody testing among Latino urban day laborers.

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  • 1University of Washington School of Public Health, Department of Health Services, 1959 NE Pacific St, Seattle, WA 98195-7660, USA. solorio@u.washington.edu



To identify the characteristics of male Latino urban day laborers who self-report having tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).


A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 356 Latino day laborers, aged 18 to 40 years, who had been sexually active in the previous 12 months, from 6 day labor sites in the City of Los Angeles.


Most of the men were single, mainly from Mexico and Guatemala, and had been employed as a day laborer for fewer than 3 years; 38% had an annual income of $4000 or less. Ninety-two percent of the men reported having sex with women only, and 8% reported a history of having sex with men and women. Forty-six percent had received an HIV test in the previous 12 months and 1 person tested positive. In univariate logistic regression analyses, day laborers who were aged 26 years or older, had more than 3 years in the United States, had more than 1 year but fewer than 5 years employed as a day laborer, and had annual incomes greater than $4000 were significantly more likely to self-report HIV testing in the previous 12 months. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, only higher annual income was found to be significantly associated with self-reported HIV testing.


Interventions that target lower-income Latino day laborers are needed to promote early HIV detection. HIV detection offers individual benefits through treatment, with decreased morbidity and mortality, as well as public health benefits through decreased rates of HIV transmission in the community.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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