Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2010 Sep;45(9):1442-8. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2009.360. Epub 2010 Jan 11.

Elevations of tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 at day 7 and acute graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with nonmyeloablative conditioning.

Author information

  • 1Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, CHU of Liége, Liége, Belgium.

Abstract

Acute GVHD has remained a significant cause of nonrelapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with nonmyeloablative conditioning. The role of TNF-alpha in the biology of acute GVHD after nonmyeloablative conditioning has not been studied thus far. Here, we measured TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) as a surrogate marker for TNF-alpha in 106 patients before the start of the conditioning regimen (baseline) and 7 days after allogeneic HCT with nonmyeloablative conditioning. The nonmyeloablative regimen consisted of 2 Gy TBI alone (n=15), 2 Gy TBI plus fludarabine 90 mg/m2 (n=73), or 4 Gy TBI plus fludarabine 90 mg/m2 (n=18). TNFR1 levels increased significantly from baseline to day 7 after nonmyeloablative HCT (P<0.0001). Patients conditioned with 4 Gy TBI had higher TNFR1 day 7/baseline ratio than those conditioned with 2 Gy TBI (median 1.65 versus 1.25; P=0.01). In a multivariate Cox model, high TNFR1 day7/baseline ratio was associated with grades II-IV (HR=2.2, P=0.01) and grades III-IV (HR=2.9, P=0.007) acute GVHD, but had no impact on overall survival (P=0.8). In summary, our data suggest that nonmyeloablative conditioning induces the generation of TNF-alpha, and that the magnitude of TNF-alpha generation depends on the conditioning intensity (2 Gy versus 4 Gy TBI). Further, assessment of TNFR1 levels before and on day 7 after nonmyeloablative HCT provided useful information on subsequent risk of experiencing acute GVHD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk