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Int J Med Inform. 2010 Feb;79(2):123-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2009.12.001. Epub 2010 Jan 12.

Health information exchange in small-to-medium sized family medicine practices: motivators, barriers, and potential facilitators of adoption.

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  • 1Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA.



For small-to-medium sized primary care practices (those with 20 or fewer clinicians), determine desired functions of health information exchange (HIE) and potential motivators, barriers, and facilitators of adoption.


Case study approach with mixed quantitative and qualitative methods. Nine practices in Colorado were purposively selected. Five used paper records and four were already participating in health information exchange.


Practices particularly desired HIE functions to allow anywhere/anytime lookup of test results and to consolidate delivery of test results. HIE-generated quality reporting was the least desired function. Practices were motivated to adopt HIE to improve the quality and efficiency of care, although they did not anticipate financial gains from adoption. The greatest facilitator of HIE adoption would be technical assistance and support during and after implementation. Financial incentives were also valued. Trust in HIE partners was a major issue, and practices with rich professional and social networks appeared to be especially favorable settings for HIE adoption.


These findings may assist policymakers in promoting adoption of HIE among small-to-medium sized primary care practices, a major component of the US healthcare system.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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