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J Periodontol. 2010 Jan;81(1):150-7. doi: 10.1902/jop.2009.090353.

Dietary-induced hyperparathyroidism affects serum and gingival proinflammatory cytokine levels in rats.

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  • 1Department of Periodontology, Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139/Kurupelit, Samsun, Turkey.



Poor diet and inadequate nutrition are suggested to affect the periodontium as well as impair the systemic health. This study investigated the systemic and periodontal effects of dietary-induced hyperparathyroidism (dHPT) by evaluating serum and gingival proinflammatory cytokine levels.


Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study. dHPT was induced in 12 rats by calcium/phosphorus imbalance, and 12 rats were fed a standard diet (SD). Afterward, endotoxin-induced periodontitis was induced on the right mandibular molar teeth (mmt). Four study groups were created: dHPT + mmt without periodontitis (group 1), dHPT + mmt with periodontitis (group 2), SD + mmt with periodontitis (group 3), and SD + mmt without periodontitis (group 4). Interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to evaluate the proinflammatory cytokine profiles. Serum cytokines were analyzed in the blood samples collected prior to periodontitis induction, whereas gingival cytokines were analyzed in the gingival supernatants of the four groups.


Serum cytokines were higher in dHPT rats than in SD rats (P <0.001), with a positive correlation between parathormone and the cytokines (P <0.001). Gingival cytokines were highest in group 2 and lowest in group 4 (group 2 > group 3 > group 1) (P <0.001). There was a positive correlation between parathormone and the gingival cytokines in group 1 (P <0.001 for IL-1beta; P <0.01 for TNF-alpha).


The results suggested that increased serum proinflammatory cytokine production may be a complication of dHPT, and this may affect healthy and diseased periodontia by increasing gingival proinflammatory cytokine levels.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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