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Mol Gen Genet. 1991 Feb;225(2):257-65.

Mutations in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae host showing increased holding stability of the heterologous plasmid pSR1.

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  • 1Department of Fermentation Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University, Japan.


We have isolated Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants, smp, showing stable maintenance of plasmid pSR1, a Zygosaccharomyces rouxii plasmid. The smp mutants were recessive and were classified into at least three different complementation groups. The three mutants also showed increased stability of YRp plasmids and the mutations are additive for plasmid stability. One mutation, smp1, confers a respiration-deficient (rho0) phenotype and several Rho- mutants independently isolated by ethidium bromide treatment of the same yeast strain also showed increased stabilities of pSR1 and YRp plasmids. The wild-type S. cerevisiae cells showed a strongly biased distribution of pSR1 molecules as well as YRp plasmids to the mother cells at mitosis, while the smp1 mutant did not show this bias. Another mutation, smp3, at a locus linked to ade2 on chromosome XV, confers temperature-sensitive growth. The SMP3 gene encodes a 59.9 kDa hydrophobic protein and disruption of the gene is lethal.

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