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Orthopedics. 2010 Jan;33(1):52-5. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20091124-29.

Spindle-cell hibernoma: a clinicopathologic comparison of this new variant.

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  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. vincent.moretti@uphs.upenn.edu


Spindle-cell hibernoma is 1 of 4 histologic variants of hibernomas, which are rare lipomatous tumors distinguished from other lipomas by their brown fat component. This article presents a case of a spindle-cell hibernoma that developed in the groin of a 58-year-old man, and is 1 of only 5 known cases of spindle-cell hibernoma published in the scientific literature. Minimal information is available regarding the clinicopathologic characteristics of the 4 hibernoma variants: typical, lipoma-like, myxoid, and spindle-cell. Spindle-cell hibernoma is believed to be the rarest variant, accounting for approximately 2% of hibernomas. The spindle-cell variant predominantly develops in the fourth and fifth decades, with an average age at diagnosis of 42.5 years (range, 28-59 years). It has a male predilection of 4:1. Previously reported only in the posterior neck and scalp, the groin is now added to the sites of spindle-cell hibernoma occurrence. Our patient's tumor demonstrated low-attenuation on computed tomography and contained moderately-attenuating internal septae. Histologically, in addition to the multivacuolated brown fat component common to all hibernomas, spindle-cell hibernoma has a spindle-cell element without vacuolization that is CD34 positive. No prior treatment details are available on this particular variant. Our patient was treated by marginal excision and was disease free through 13 months of follow-up.

Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.

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