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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009 Oct;6(10):2568-84. doi: 10.3390/ijerph6102568. Epub 2009 Sep 30.

Preventing and managing cardiometabolic risk: the logic for intervention.

Author information

  • 1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015, USA. pereira@epi.umn.edu

Abstract

Cardiometabolic risk (CMR), also known as metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance syndrome, comprises obesity (particularly central or abdominal obesity), high triglycerides, low HDL, elevated blood pressure, and elevated plasma glucose. Leading to death from diabetes, heart disease, and stroke, the root cause of CMR is inadequate physical activity, a Western diet identified primarily by low intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and high in saturated fat, as well as a number of yet-to-be-identified genetic factors. While the pathophysiological pathways related to CMR are complex, the universal need for adequate physical activity and a diet that emphasizes fruits and vegetables and whole grains, while minimizing food high in added sugars and saturated fat suggests that these behaviors are the appropriate focus of intervention.

KEYWORDS:

cardiometabolic risk; diet; physical activity; prevention; strategy; treatment

PMID:
20054455
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2790093
Free PMC Article
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