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J Biol Chem. 2010 Feb 26;285(9):5993-6002. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.075770. Epub 2010 Jan 6.

Interaction between oxidative stress sensor Nrf2 and xenobiotic-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor in the regulation of the human phase II detoxifying UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A10.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

The defense against oxidative stress is a critical feature that prevents cellular and DNA damage. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) catalyze the glucuronidation of xenobiotics, mutagens, and reactive metabolites and thus act as indirect antioxidants. Aim of this study was to elucidate the regulation of UGTs expressed in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract by xenobiotics and the main mediator of antioxidant defense, Nrf2 (nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2). Xenobiotic (XRE) and antioxidant (ARE) response elements were detected in the promoters of UGT1A8, UGT1A9, and UGT1A10. Reporter gene experiments demonstrated XRE-mediated induction by dioxin in addition to tert-butylhydroquinone (ARE)-mediated induction of UGT1A8 and UGT1A10, which are expressed in extrahepatic tissue in humans in vivo. The responsible XRE and ARE motifs were identified by mutagenesis. Small interfering RNA knockdown, electrophoretic mobility shifts, and supershifts identified a functional interaction of Nrf2 and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Induction of UGT1A8 and UGT1A10 requires Nrf2 and AhR. It proceeds by utilizing XRE- as well as ARE-binding motifs. In summary, we demonstrate the coordinated AhR- and Nrf2-dependent transcriptional regulation of human UGT1As. Cellular protection by glucuronidation is thus inducible by xenobiotics via AhR and by oxidative metabolites via Nrf2 linking glucuronidation to cellular protection and defense against oxidative stress.

PMID:
20053997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2825393
Free PMC Article
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