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J Biol Chem. 1991 Mar 25;266(9):5547-51.

Structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae alg3, sec18 mutant oligosaccharides.

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  • 1Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research, New York State Department of Health, Albany 12201-0509.

Abstract

Asparagine-linked oligosaccharides are synthesized by transfer of Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 from dolichol pyrophosphate to nascent polypeptides. Assembly of the precursor proceeds by highly ordered sequential addition of mannose and glucose to form Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol. Yeast mutants in asparagine-linked glycosylation (alg), generated by an 3H-Man suicide technique, were assigned to eight complementation groups which define steps in oligosaccharide-lipid synthesis (Huffaker, T.C., and Robbins, P.W. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 3203-3210). Alg3 invertase oligosaccharides are resistant to endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H, and the lipid-oligosaccharide pool yields Man5Glc-NAc2, suggesting its structure may be that from mammalian cells lacking Man-P-dolichol (Chapman, A., et al. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 4441-4446). To test this supposition, the endoplasmic reticulum form of invertase derepressed in alg3,sec18 yeast at 37 degrees C was isolated as a source of oligosaccharides whose processing beyond glucose and/or mannose trimming, if involved, would be prevented. Man8GlcNAc2 and Man5GlcNAc2 were released by peptide-N-glycosidase F from alg3,sec18 invertase in a 1:5 molar ratio. 1H NMR spectroscopy revealed Man8GlcNAc2 to be the alpha 1,2-mannosidase-trimming product described earlier (Byrd, J. C., Tarentino, A. L., Maley, F., Atkinson, P. H., and Trimble, R. B. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 14657-14666), while Man5GlcNAc2 was Man alpha 1, 2Man alpha 1,2Man alpha 1,3(Man alpha 1,6)Man beta 1,4GlcNAc beta 1, 4GlcNAc. This provides a structural proof for the lipid-linked Man5GlcNAc2 originally proposed from enzymatic and chemical analyses of the radiolabeled mammalian precursor. Experimental evidence indicates that, unlike the mammalian cell mutants which are unable to synthesize Man-P-dolichol, alg3 yeast accumulate Man5GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol due to a defective alpha 1,3-mannosyltransferase required for the next step in oligosaccharide-lipid elongation.

PMID:
2005096
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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