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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Apr 1;75(5):708-12. doi: 10.1002/ccd.22331.

Dual catheter technique for the treatment of severe coronary artery perforations.

Author information

  • 1Interventional Cardiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York 10032, USA. yb2211@columbia.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the outcome of patients with coronary perforations who were treated with the dual catheter approach.

BACKGROUND:

Coronary artery perforation is a grave complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with high mortality and morbidity. Treating a coronary artery perforation with two catheters through dual access enables a rapid delivery of covered stent or coils to the vessel, without losing control of the perforation site.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed all patients who had a severe coronary perforation during a PCI in our center, and compared outcomes of patients treated with the dual versus the traditional single guiding catheter approach.

RESULTS:

Between April 2004 and October 2008, 13,466 PCI's were performed in Columbia University - New York Presbyterian Medical Center. There were 33 documented cases of coronary perforations during that period of time (0.245%), among these, 26 were angiographically severe (Ellis type 2 or 3 perforations). Eleven patients were treated acutely with a dual catheter technique whereas the other fifteen patients were treated using a single guiding catheter. In the dual catheter group one patient expired after emergent CABG (9.1%), and four patients underwent emergent paricardiocentesis (36.4%). In patients treated with single catheter, there were three deaths (20%), two surgical explorations (13.3%), eight emergent pericardiocenthesis (53.3%), and one event of severe anoxic brain damage (6.7%).

CONCLUSION:

The dual catheter technique is a relatively safe and reproducible approach to treat a PCI induced severe coronary artery perforation, and may improve outcome compared to historical series.

(c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Comment in

  • Up the creek, with two paddles. [Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010]
PMID:
20049957
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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