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J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces. 2009;113(13):5182-8185.

Photosensitized Singlet Oxygen Production upon Two-Photon Excitation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Functionalized Analogs.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi 39211.


Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) functionalized with -COOH (along with some sulphonation and nitration), and/or modified with chitosan were prepared and tested for their singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)) production. The emission from (1)O(2) observed upon SWNT irradiation at 532 nm was due to a two-photon process, while (1)O(2) production via excitation at 355 nm occurred through a conventional one-photon pathway. The relative quantum yield of (1)O(2) production at excitation wavelength of 532 nm was found to be 0.00, 0.07-0.13 and 0.24-0.54 for highly-functionalized, partially-functionalized and non-functionalized SWNT samples respectively. The nanotube-mediated generation of (1)O(2) may find applications in both targeted destruction of tumor cells and selective degradation of drug molecules. Our research provides a practical approach to modulate the production of reactive oxygen species from SWNTs via surface functionalization/modification.

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