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Psychiatry Investig. 2008 Jun;5(2):94-101. doi: 10.4306/pi.2008.5.2.94. Epub 2008 Jun 30.

Interaction between Neuronal Depolarization and MK-801 in SH-SY5Y Cells and the Rat Cortex.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The interaction between MK-801, a model of psychosis and KCl-induced depolarization or electroconvulsive shock (ECS), a therapeutic model of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), was investigated in SH-SY5Y cells and the rat frontal cortex.

METHODS:

SH-SY5Y cells were pretreated with 1 microM MK-801 for 15 min, followed by cotreatment with 100 mM KCl for 5 min. MK-801 was reintroduced after the KCl was washed out, and the samples were incubated before harvesting. For the experiments in rats, male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with MK-801 followed by ECS. Immunoblot analyses of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) (Ser9), AKT (Ser473) and extracellular legulated kinase (ERK)1/2 in SH-SY5Y cells and the rat frontal cortex were performed.

RESULTS:

KCl-induced neuronal depolarization resulted in the transient dephosphorylation of AKT (Ser473) and GSK3beta (Ser9), followed by increased phosphorylation of the enzymes in SH-SY5Y cells. Cotreatment with MK-801 and KCl inhibited the initial dephosphorylation of AKT and GSK3beta produced by KCl-induced neuronal depolarization. Similarly, ECS resulted in the transient dephosphorylation of AKT (Ser473) and GSK3beta (Ser9), whereas cotreatment with MK-801 inhibited the initial dephosphorylation of AKT (Ser473) and GSK3beta (Ser9) produced by ECS in the rat frontal cortex. No significant interaction was observed between MK-801 and KCl in the dephosphorylation of ERK1/2.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that an antagonistic interplay between MK-801 and neuronal depolarization by KCl or ECS is involved the regulation of AKT (Ser473) and GSK3beta (Ser9) phosphorylation.

KEYWORDS:

AKT; Electro convulsive shock; Extracellular legulated kinase 1/2; Glycogen synthase kinase 3β; KCl; MK-801

PMID:
20046351
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2796014
Free PMC Article
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