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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Jan;48(1):36-45.

Effects of SLCO1B1 and ABCB1 genotypes on the pharmacokinetics of atorvastatin and 2-hydroxyatorvastatin in healthy Korean subjects.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.



This study aimed to evaluate the effect of genetic polymorphisms of SLCO1B1 and ABCB1 on the pharmacokinetics of atorvastatin and its metabolites.


290 Koreans were genotyped for SLCO1B1, ABCB1 and CYP3A5, and 28 subjects were selected for the pharmacokinetic study. Each subject received a single oral dose of 20 mg atorvastatin and blood samples were collected up to 48 hr after dosing. The relationship between the genotypes and atorvastatin pharmacokinetics was examined.


For SLCO1B1 genotypes, the mean area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to infinity (AUC0-infinity) of atorvastatin was 148.2 ng x hr/ml for *15/*15 subjects (n = 3), which was significantly larger than for 1a/*15 and *1b/*15 (n = 8) (80.7 ng x hr/ml, p = 0.0121) and also larger than for *1a/*1a, *1a/*1b and *1b/*1b (n = 17) (66.3 ng x hr/ml, p = 0.0018). The mean AUC0-infinity of 2-hydroxyatorvastatin for *15/*15 was also larger than in *1a/*1a, *1a/*1b and *1b/*1b (p = 0.012). In lactone forms, no significant pharmacokinetic difference was found among the genotypes. For ABCB1 genotypes, the half-lives of atorvastatin, atorvastatin lactone, 2-hydroxyatorvastatin and 2-hydroxyatorvastatin lactone were significantly longer in c.2677TT-c.3435TT (n = 3) vs. c.2677GG-c.3435CC and c.2677GT-c.3435CT (n = 10), yielding p = 0.049, 0.007, 0.007 and 0.007, respectively.


This study shows that the SLCO1B1*15 allele may be associated with the individual difference in the AUC0-infinity of atorvastatin whereas the ABCB1 TT-TT diplotype may affect the elimination half-life of the drug in the Korean population.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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