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World J Gastroenterol. 2010 Jan 7;16(1):69-75.

Systematic review of randomised controlled trials: probiotics for functional constipation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Paediatrics, The Medical University of Warsaw, 01-184 Warsaw, Dzialdowska 1, Poland.

Abstract

AIM:

To systematically evaluate and update evidence on the efficacy and safety of probiotic supplementation for the treatment of constipation.

METHODS:

The MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched in May 2009 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) performed in paediatric or adult populations related to the study aim.

RESULTS:

We included five RCTs with a total of 377 subjects (194 in the experimental group and 183 in the control group). The participants were adults (three RCTs, n = 266) and children (two RCTs, n = 111) with constipation. In adults, data suggests a favourable effect of treatment with Bifidobacterium lactis DN-173 010, Lactobacillus casei Shirota, and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 on defecation frequency and stool consistency. In children, L. casei rhamnosus Lcr35, but not L. rhamnosus GG, showed a beneficial effect.

CONCLUSION:

Until more data are available, we believe the use of probiotics for the treatment of constipation condition should be considered investigational.

PMID:
20039451
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2799919
Free PMC Article
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