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Cell Calcium. 2010 Feb;47(2):130-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ceca.2009.11.008. Epub 2009 Dec 24.

Abnormal calcium homeostasis in peripheral neuropathies.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E0T6. paulfernyhough@yahoo.com

Abstract

Abnormal neuronal calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis has been implicated in numerous diseases of the nervous system. The pathogenesis of two increasingly common disorders of the peripheral nervous system, namely neuropathic pain and diabetic polyneuropathy, has been associated with aberrant Ca2+ channel expression and function. Here we review the current state of knowledge regarding the role of Ca2+ dyshomeostasis and associated mitochondrial dysfunction in painful and diabetic neuropathies. The central impact of both alterations of Ca2+ signalling at the plasma membrane and also intracellular Ca2+ handling on sensory neurone function is discussed and related to abnormal endoplasmic reticulum performance. We also present new data highlighting sub-optimal axonal Ca2+ signalling in diabetic neuropathy and discuss the putative role for this abnormality in the induction of axonal degeneration in peripheral neuropathies. The accumulating evidence implicating Ca2+ dysregulation in both painful and degenerative neuropathies, along with recent advances in understanding of regional variations in Ca2+ channel and pump structures, makes modulation of neuronal Ca2+ handling an increasingly viable approach for therapeutic interventions against the painful and degenerative aspects of many peripheral neuropathies.

2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20034667
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2834846
Free PMC Article
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