Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Obes (Lond). 2010 Mar;34(3):462-71. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2009.254. Epub 2009 Dec 22.

Acute effects of gastric bypass versus gastric restrictive surgery on beta-cell function and insulinotropic hormones in severely obese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Endocrinology and Metabolism Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. kashyas@ccf.org

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Hyperglycemia resolves quickly after bariatric surgery, but the underlying mechanism and the most effective type of surgery remains unclear.

OBJECTIVE:

To examine glucose metabolism and beta-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after two types of bariatric intervention; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and gastric restrictive (GR) surgery.

DESIGN:

Prospective, nonrandomized, repeated-measures, 4-week, longitudinal clinical trial.

PATIENTS:

In all, 16 T2DM patients (9 males and 7 females, 52+/-14 years, 47+/-9 kg m(-2), HbA1c 7.2+/-1.1%) undergoing either RYGB (N=9) or GR (N=7) surgery.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Glucose, insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity at baseline, and 1 and 4 weeks post-surgery, using hyperglycemic clamps and C-peptide modeling kinetics; glucose, insulin secretion and gut-peptide responses to mixed meal tolerance test (MMTT) at baseline and 4 weeks post-surgery.

RESULTS:

At 1 week post-surgery, both groups experienced a similar weight loss and reduction in fasting glucose (P<0.01). However, insulin sensitivity increased only after RYGB, (P<0.05). At 4 weeks post-surgery, weight loss remained similar for both groups, but fasting glucose was normalized only after RYGB (95+/-3 mg 100 ml(-1)). Insulin sensitivity improved after RYGB (P<0.01) and did not change with GR, whereas the disposition index remained unchanged after RYGB and increased 30% after GR (P=0.10). The MMTT elicited a robust increase in insulin secretion, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels and beta-cell sensitivity to glucose only after RYGB (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

RYGB provides a more rapid improvement in glucose regulation compared with GR. This improvement is accompanied by enhanced insulin sensitivity and beta-cell responsiveness to glucose, in part because of an incretin effect.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk