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J Biol Chem. 1991 Mar 15;266(8):5036-41.

Structure of the human lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor gene. Intro/exon gene organization and localization of the gene to chromosome 2.

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  • 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Jewish Hospital, Washington University Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri 63110.

Abstract

Lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor (LACI) is a multivalent, Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor which appears to play an important role in the regulation of hemostasis. LACI directly inhibits factor Xa, and, in a Xa-dependent fashion, also inhibits the factor VIIa-tissue factor catalytic complex. Hybridization of a LACI cDNA probe to DNA isolated from a panel of human-mouse somatic cell hybrids containing different human chromosomes localized the human LACI gene to chromosome 2. In situ hybridization to metaphase chromosomes further mapped the gene to the region 2q31----2q32.1. Exons of the human LACI gene were cloned from genomic or chromosome 2-specific phage libraries and sequenced, including approximately 500 base pairs of 5' upstream DNA. The 5' DNA did not contain a prototypical TATAA box or CCAAT sequence, and attempts to identify a unique site for the initiation of transcription were unsuccessful in that primer extension and S1 nuclease protection analysis indicate multiple transcription initiation sites for LACI messages. Comparing the gene sequence with LACI cDNA sequences indicates that the gene contains nine exons and that alternative splicing can occur, resulting in the absence of exon 2 in the 5' untranslated region of some messages. The three Kunitz domains in LACI are encoded on separate exons. Introns which interrupt coding sequences all occur in the same codon phase interrupting the first and second bases of the codon triplets. The data are consistent with LACI evolving by a combination of gene segment duplications and exon shuffling.

PMID:
2002045
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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