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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 1991 Feb;9(1):31-52.

Drug-induced psychoses.

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  • 1Poison Centre, University of Arizona, Tucson 85724.


Major causes of drug-induced psychoses include cocaine, amphetamines, phencyclidine, cannabinoids, LSD, mescaline, the so-called designer drugs, anticholinergic compounds, and steroids. Most drug-induced psychoses are managed with general supportive measures, reassurance, minimizing patient stimulation, and benzodiazepines as needed; however, specific antidotes such as physostigmine for anticholinergic poisoning or urinary acidification to enhance excretion of amphetamines or phencyclidine may be indicated in some patients. Any patient with a drug-induced psychosis must be evaluated carefully for evidence of other toxic effects of the drug in question.

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