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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2010 Mar;38(2):97-107. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

A randomized experimental study of gender-responsive substance abuse treatment for women in prison.

Author information

  • 1UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA. nmessina@ucla.edu

Abstract

This experimental pilot study compared postrelease outcomes for 115 women who participated in prison-based substance abuse treatment. Women were randomized to a gender-responsive treatment (GRT) program using manualized curricula (Helping Women Recover and Beyond Trauma) or a standard prison-based therapeutic community. Data were collected from the participants at prison program entry and 6 and 12 months after release. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Results indicate that both groups improved in psychological well-being; however, GRT participants had greater reductions in drug use, were more likely to remain in residential aftercare longer (2.6 vs. 1.8 months, p < .05), and were less likely to have been reincarcerated within 12 months after parole (31% vs. 45%, respectively; a 67% reduction in odds for the experimental group, p < .05). Findings show the beneficial effects of treatment components oriented toward women's needs and support the integration of GRT in prison programs for women.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20015605
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2815183
Free PMC Article
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