Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am Fam Physician. 1991 Mar;43(3):937-48.

Cephalosporins: rationale for clinical use.

Author information

  • Division of Infectious Disease, Hahnemann University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


Cephalosporins, the most widely used class of antibiotics, are more resistant than penicillins to inactivation by beta-lactamases. Based on their spectrum of activity against gram-negative bacteria, cephalosporins are classified into three generations. The generation classification, however, does not correlate with activity against gram-positive bacteria or anaerobes. First-generation cephalosporins have a narrow gram-negative spectrum but are most active against gram-positive bacteria, particularly Staphylococcus aureus. Third-generation compounds have excellent activity against gram-negative bacteria. The cephamycins, a second-generation subgroup that includes cefoxitin, cefotetan and cefmetazole, have the best activity against anaerobes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk