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Clin Immunol. 2010 Apr;135(1):63-71. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2009.11.010. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

Lymphocyte characteristics in children with common variable immunodeficiency.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


The diagnosis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is reserved for patients who suffer from undefined B cell dysfunction. Division of the CVID population into subgroups enables research for underlying disease causes. We studied clinical features and lymphocyte characteristics in 38 children with CVID and compared them to 30 children with less severe antibody deficiencies (e.g. specific antibody deficiency combined with IgG subclass deficiency) and with 65 pediatric controls. Most pediatric immune phenotypes were comparable to adult CVID phenotypes, including a selective increase in newly formed B cells and a decrease in memory B cells and CD4(+) T cells. Eighteen percent of pediatric patients had a mutation in the TNFRSF13B gene, which requires further investigation. Finally, pediatric patients with decreased class-switched memory B cells had significantly more complications. A pediatric classification for CVID may enable prediction and early diagnosis of disease related complications and provide a framework for further etiologic research.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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